Game Commission campaign seeks to increase hunter safety.

Scouring nearly 30 years of medical-database records, a group of doctors has found that nearly 40 hunters each year in Pennsylvania experience falls from tree stands that result in traumatic injuries.
On its own, that number might be surprising; even sobering. But it tells only part of the story.
Little is known about the exact number of Pennsylvania hunters who fall from tree stands each year or the reasons why they fall.
But one thing is clear – if every tree-stand user wore a full-body harness and kept it attached to the tree at all times while hunting from or installing or taking down an elevated platform, or climbing or descending trees, 100 percent of severe falls to the ground could be eliminated.
In Pennsylvania, there’s no requirement to report tree-stand falls, and even if there were, some falls inevitably would be missed. But by delving into records available on the Pennsylvania Trauma Systems Foundation database, Dr. Joseph Smith and his colleagues have compiled what’s believed to be the only report on tree-stand falls endured by Pennsylvania hunters.


Reports in the database go back to 1987, and Smith and his colleagues have documented 1,109 from 1987 to 2015. But in most cases, few other details about the falls – including what might have caused them – are available in the database.
“It makes it very hard to say very much,” said Smith, who retired in April after a more than 35-year career in providing critical care, more than 30 of them spent at Geisinger Medical Center in Danville.
Because the database includes only falls that resulted in the victim being taken to an accredited trauma center, it’s hard to tell how many more falls remain undocumented. Hunters who seek medical treatment at non-trauma medical facilities, heal from minor injuries at home – even severely injured fall victims who die before making it to a hospital all are left out of this count.
Falls sustained during preseason setup, postseason tear-down or scouting excursions also could be missed. To better ensure the falls studied were hunting-related, researchers limited their review to falls that occurred within or one day prior to an open deer season.
Game Commissioner Michael Mitrick, a retiree since January after 36 years working as an orthopedist in York, Pa., said he routinely would see three or four patients a year who injured themselves while using tree stands, but likely never went to a trauma center.
Their injuries might range from broken wrists to neck and back sprains to cuts and bruises – generally far less severe than the injuries documented in the report. But these cases help to better understand how frequently falls occur.
Mitrick was one of about 15 orthopedists in the York area. It only stands to reason the others were dealing with a similar number of tree-stand-related injuries, he said.
“So you’re talking about 45 cases a year, just in this one community,” Mitrick said.
And Smith pointed out the number of tree-stand falls in Pennsylvania has trended upward as tree-stands have become more popular.
Based on reports in the injury database, in 1987, fewer than one in 100,000 hunters experienced a tree-stand fall while hunting deer in Pennsylvania. In 2015, almost 12 in 100,000 fell from a stand.
But this increasing problem has a solution – never use a tree stand without wearing a full-body harness that’s connected to the tree.
Today, about 90 percent of the tree stands marketed and sold in the U.S. are produced by companies that are part of the Treestand Manufacturer’s Association, which since 2004 has made it an industry standard to include a full-body harness with each stand, said John Louk, the association’s executive director.
For hunters who need to replace a harness or who just want something different, at least seven companies produce after-market harnesses priced between $49 and $159, he said.
Safety lines, often referred to by the brand name Lifeline, are the most efficient way to remain connected to the tree while climbing or descending, and they cost about $35 each, Louk said.
Using this simple and relatively inexpensive gear, and following other safe behaviors such as climbing with care, always using a haul rope to raise gear into the stand, and to never loading a firearm or nocking a bolt or arrow before settling in, can eliminate severe falls to the ground and help prevent serious injury and death.
To better raise awareness of safe hunting from tree stands, the Pennsylvania Game Commission has launched its Hunt Safely, Wear a Harness campaign. The campaign logo, which is appearing on billboards, signs and print and digital advertisements, serves as a frequent reminder for hunters to use fall restraints every time they hunt from a tree stand, and to never leave the ground without being connected to the tree.
“When hunting from a tree stand, it’s just as important to bring your harness with you every time you go out as it is to bring your firearm or bow, and we want all hunters to understand that,” said Steve Smith, who heads the Game Commission’s Bureau of Information and Education.
So as you head afield this fall, Hunt Safely, Wear a Harness every time you hunt from a tree stand.
And return home safely to share the stories of every hunt.

Climbing Connected
Wearing a full-body harness is essential to staying safe when using a tree stand, but a harness can prevent falls to the ground only if it is connected to the tree.
That means you must wear your harness, and be sure it’s connected to the tree, at all times you’re in the stand, as well as when you’re getting into and out of the stand, or climbing or descending trees.
A hunter using a climbing stand should tie-in the safety rope or strap that pairs with the harness before beginning to climb.
Most safety ropes and straps have a sewn or knotted loop on one end, and the opposite end can be wrapped around the tree and through the loop, then cinched tightly. There’s often a separate loop, many times a carabiner loop held by a prussic knot, onto which to clip your safety harness.
Consult the manufacturer’s instructions to ensure proper installation.
You’ll want to move the safety rope or strap up the tree first, then tighten it, each time before moving the platform up the tree. If the rope is at or slightly above eye-level as you stand on the platform, you should have plenty of room to raise the platform to a higher standing position before moving the rope up the tree again before climbing.
Make sure you have proper contact with the stand and tree every time you move.
It takes only a little longer to climb with a rope, and if the stand fails due to breakage or a pin pulling out of the climbing band, or if a fall occurs because slippage or loss of balance, the harness and rope will prevent falling to the ground.
With pre-installed hang-on stands – and especially ladder stands – the most practical way to stay connected to the tree is through a safety line, commonly referred to by the brand name Lifeline, that hangs to the ground from above the platform.
Because the safety line is installed above the platform, the tree must be climbed first, but other safety ropes or straps can be used along with your harness. When installing a safety line at a hang-on stand, a linemen’s style belt can be worn while ascending the tree. A linemen’s belt might not be an option for many ladder stands, but a separate ladder and linemen’s belt could be used to install the safety line before the ladder stand is installed.
When using a ladder stand, climbing stick or tree steps, make sure to maintain three points of contact (two hands and one foot, or two feet and one hand) with each step.
The important points are to always take your time and be safe when using stands. Always put on your safety harness while you’re still on the ground, and keep it connected to the tree at all times until you’re back on the ground.

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